Final Exam Study Guide

Review the following items for your final exam.  Many of the questions come from previous quizzes.  Actually studying for exams increases your ability to do well on exams.  Do not simply rely on old memories from three months ago.  Try studying for a change!

Borger Lit/Lang 3:
Final Exam Study Guide

Emerson & Thoreau Quotes: Be able to match each quote below with the author who wrote it.  You will actually have to study and go back through your text book to find who said what.  It is not necessary to know which selection the quote comes from –just who wrote it.

  •  “If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore”
  • “This American government…has not the vitality and force of a single living man; for a single man can bend it to his will.”
  • “The sun illuminates only the eye of man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child.”
  • “Our life is frittered away by detail….Simplicity, simplicity, simplicity!”
  • “The lover of nature is he…who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood.”
  • “…if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours.”
  • “We but half express ourselves, and are ashamed of that divine idea which each of us represents.”
  • “I have found that no exertion of the legs can bring two minds much nearer to one another.”
  • “God will not have his work made manifest by cowards.”
  • “Trust thyself: Every heart vibrates to that iron string.”
  • “I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life…”
  • “Whoso would be a man must be a non-conformist.”
  • “I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately.”
  • “I left the woods for as good a reason as I went there….I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one.”
  • “envy is ignorance…imitation is suicide.”
  • “Let everyone mind his own business, and endeavor to be what he was made.”
  • “Nature never wears a mean appearance.”
  • “If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer.  Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away.”
  • “A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds.”
  • “The life in us is like the water in the river.”
  • “Why has every man a conscience? I think we should be men first, and subjects afterward.”
  • “…it matters not how small the beginning may seem to be: What is once well done is done forever.”
  • “Is a democracy, such as we know it, the last improvement possible in government? Is it not possible to take a step further toward recognizing and organizing the rights of man?”
  • “To be great is to be misunderstood.”
  • “There will never be a really free and enlightened State, until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly.”

Be able to identify the following select quotes from all the short stories we read by Poe & Irving.  Be able to match the quote to the SELECTION it comes from: “The Tell Tale Heart,” “The Black Cat,” “The Pit & the Pendulum,” & “The Devil and Tom Walker.”

  • “What [use] is it to tell of the long, long hours of horror more than mortal, during which I counted the rushing vibrations of the steel!”
  • “He was not prone to let his wife into his confidence; but as this was an uneasy secret, he as he willingly shared it with her.  All her avarice [greed] was awakened at the mention of hidden gold, and she urged her husband to comply with the black man’s terms, and secure what would make them wealthy for life.  However [he] might have felt disposed to sell himself to the devil, he was determined not to do so to oblige his wife; so he flatly refused, out of the mere spirit of contradiction.”
  • “But to-morrow I die, and to-day I would unburthen my soul.”
  • “TRUE!—nervous—very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad? The disease had sharpened my senses—not destroyed—not dulled them.”
  • “She had probably attempted to deal with the black man as she had been accustomed to deal with her husband; but though a female scold is generally considered a match for the devil, yet in this instance she appears to have had the worst of it.  She must have died game, however; for  [he noticed] many prints of cloven feet stamped upon the tree, and found handfuls of hair, that looked as if they had been plucked from the coarse black shock of the woodman.”
  • “From my infancy I was noted for the docility and humanity of my disposition…I was especially fond of animals, and was indulged by my parents with a great variety of pets.”
  • “It took me an hour to place my whole head within the opening….Ha! would a madman have been so wise as this?”
  • “I was sick—sick unto death with that long agony; and when they at length unbound me, and I was permitted to sit, I felt that my senses were leaving me.”
  • “At length, with a wild desperation at heart, I quickly unclosed my eyes….The blackness of eternal night encompassed me.  I struggled for breath.  The intensity of the darkness seemed to oppress and stifle me.  The atmosphere was intolerably close.  I still lay quietly, and made effort to exercise my reason….Yet not for a moment did I suppose myself actually dead.”
  • “In the return to life from the swoon there are two stages; first, that of the sense of mental or spiritual; secondly, that of the sense of the physical, existence.”
  • “perverseness is one of the primitive impulses of the human heart….Who has not, a hundred times, found himself committing a vile or a silly action, for no other reason than because he knows he should not?”
  • “I heard a slight groan, and I knew it was the groan of mortal terror.  It was not a groan of pain or greif – oh no! – it was the low stifled sound that arises from the bottom of the soul when overcharged with awe.  I knew the sound well.  Many a night, just at midnight, when all the world slept, it has welled up from my own bosom…”
  • “I slipped a noose about its neck and hung it to the limb of a tree;—hung it with the tears streaming from my eyes, and with the bitterest remorse at my heart;—hung it because I knew it had loved me…because I knew that in so doing I was committing a sin”
  • “And have I not told you that what you mistake for madness is but over-acuteness of the senses?”
  • “The police were thoroughly satisfied and prepared to depart.  The glee at my heart was too strong to be restrained.  I burned to say if but one word, by way of triumph, and to render doubly sure their assurance of my guiltlessness.”
  • “Beneath the pressure of torments such as these the feeble remnant of the good within me succumbed. Evil thoughts became my sole intimates – the darkest and most evil of thoughts.  The moodiness of my usual temper increased to hatred of all things and mankind; …[but] my uncomplaining wife, alas, was the most usual and the most patient of suffers”
  • “It was hope that prompted the nerve to quiver—the frame to shrink. It was hope—the hope that triumphs on the rack—that whispers to the death-condemned even in the dungeons of the Inquisition.”
  • “It was late in the dusk of the evening when [he]…reached the fort, and he paused there awhile to rest himself.  Anyone but he would have felt unwilling to linger in this lonely, melancholy place, for the common people had a bad opinion of it, from the stories handed down from the time of the Indian wars, when it was asserted that the savages held incantations here, and made sacrifices to the evil spirit.”
  • “…you’re come for,” said the black fellow, gruffly…. Never was sinner taken more unawares. The black man whisked him like a child into the saddle, gave the horse the lash, and away he galloped…in the midst of the thunderstorm….When the clerks turned to look for the black man, he had disappeared.”

There will be multiple-choice questions over the Romantics / Transcendentalists / Dark Romantics notes, Dead Poets Society, & the stories we’ve read, as well as an essay section.